Our firewood standard
All of our firewood comes from FSC-certified wood.
This means wood that is certified under the standards set by FSC or the Forest Stewardship Council. FSC-certification is given to companies and landowners to verify that they practice forestry that is consistent with FSC standards. The FSC label on wood products guarantees that consumers can trust the sources. Your logs will come from our own woods as part of a licensed regeneration project, other local woodlands, or forests planted for the express purpose of generating wood fuels and timber.
We supply hardwood and softwood. The heat content of any fire depends on the density, resin, ash and moisture content of the wood. The general rule of thumb is that all woods burn well when fully seasoned, that means that the moisture content is less than 25%. Our native woodlands are able to supply us with the following woods to burn as wood fuel.
ASH – Can be burnt wet or dry, burns steadily, splits easily & doesn’t spit
BEECH – Burns well when dry, giving a good heat
HAZEL – An excellent firewood, with little or no spitting
OAK – Well seasoned oak burns slowly, excellent heat, creates little ash
CEDAR – Gives a good heat, with little or no spitting
LARCH – Needs to be well seasoned, burnt at a high temp to reduce volatiles.
Air dried and Kiln dried
Air dried wood is wood that has been felled and left to season in the open air. It is a completely natural process and as such uses no extra energy to generate firewood suitable for burning. To air dry firewood, considerable investment has to be made into wood stocks for between 18 months to 2 years before any financial return can be made.
Kiln dried wood is wood that had been subjected to a rapid drying process that usually uses expensive forms of energy to dry firewood ready for burning. Kiln dried wood can vary greatly in moisture content, but is often less than 20% moisture. We offer kiln dried wood, dried using bio-mass boilers fuelled with the by-products from our timber yard ensuring it falls within our carbon neutal ethic.
Burning of wood
Wet wood, also known as green wood (wood that is recently cut & unseasoned) & highly resinous wood should not be burnt because of the wood tars and creosote that will form on your chimney, causing serious damage, and the possibility of chimney fire.
All wood contain volatiles, which are the combustible gases given off at the start of log burning. To ensure your wood burns cleanly and efficiently, all wood should be allowed to burn freely with a free flow of air supplied from above the wood. Once the wood is burning freely, and has reached sufficient temperature, the volatiles will have started to be burnt away, keeping your chimney, fireplace, wood burner or other appliance clear of soot and tar.
Wood produces on average about one fifth of the amount of ash as that of a solid fuel appliance. It burns best on a bed of ash, so is recommended to be burnt on a solid base with air holes or slots, and not burnt directly on a grate which will allow the base of your fire to disappear. Cleaning ash pans is normally a weekly affair, and if you need to clean the burning chamber, then it is advisable to leave some ash as a base for your next fire.
An old woodman’s poem to help you decide which fuel to use;
Logs to burn! Logs to burn!
Logs to save the coal a turn!
Here’s a word to make you wise
When you hear the woodman’s cries.
Beechwood fire burn bright and clear
Hornbeam blazes too,
If logs are kept a year
And seasoned through and through.
Oak logs will warm you well
If they’re old and dry
Larch logs of pinewood smell
But the sparks will fly.
Pine is good and so is yew
For warmth through winter days
But poplar and willow, too
Take long to dry and blaze.
Birch logs will burn too fast,
Alder scarce at all.
Chestnut logs are good to last
If cut in the fall.
Holly logs will burn like wax,
You should burn them green,
Elm logs like smoldering flax,
No flame is seen.
Pear logs and apple logs,
They will scent your room.
Cherry logs across the dogs
Smell like flowers in bloom.
But ash logs, all smooth and grey,
Burn them green or old,
Buy up all that come your way,
They’re worth their weight in gold.